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PBGC Releases FY 2020 Annual Report

Multiemployer Program Projected to be Insolvent in FY 2026; Single-Employer Program Improves
For Immediate Release

WASHINGTON, D.C. – The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) today released its Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 Annual Report. The report notes, among other things, that the agency’s Multiemployer Insurance Program expected insolvency date has been delayed from FY 2025 to sometime in FY 2026. Meanwhile, the Single-Employer Insurance Program is improving, driven primarily by investment income and premium income. The agency continues to meet its financial obligations and provided excellent customer service to a record number of retirees this year. 

“This year’s report illustrates that PBGC’s two insurance programs are in dramatically different financial positions,” PBGC Director Gordon Hartogensis said. “I remain incredibly proud of how the agency has navigated these challenging times while continuing operations and supporting our mission. Our work has a real and significant impact on millions of workers, retirees, and their families; and we remain committed to supporting all those who rely on PBGC. In particular, it remains clear that legislative reform is necessary to avert insolvency of the Multiemployer Program, and PBGC continues to provide technical support to policymakers, stakeholders, and plan sponsors.” 

Multiemployer Program Remains on Path Toward Insolvency

The Multiemployer Program remains severely underfunded with liabilities of $66.9 billion but only $3.1 billion in assets as of September 30, 2020. This resulted in a deficit (negative net position) of $63.7 billion, compared to $65.2 billion a year earlier. The decrease in the program’s deficit is primarily due to the enactment of the Bipartisan American Miners Act of 2019, which is expected to help the United Mine Workers of America 1974 Pension Plan avoid insolvency. This development resulted in a delay in the program’s projected insolvency from sometime in FY 2025 to sometime in FY 2026.

During FY 2020, the agency provided $173 million in financial assistance to 95 multiemployer plans, up from the previous year’s payments of $160 million to 89 plans.

Single-Employer Program Continues Improvement, but Risk Increases

The Single-Employer Program had assets of $143.5 billion and liabilities of $128.0 billion as of September 30, 2020. The positive net position of $15.5 billion reflects an improvement of $6.8 billion during FY 2020. However, the program’s exposure increased to $176.2 billion in underfunding in pension plans sponsored by financially weak companies that could potentially become claims to PBGC. 

During FY 2020, the agency paid $6.1 billion in benefits to more than 984,000 retirees in single-employer plans. PBGC also assumed responsibility for the benefit payments of an additional 56,405 workers and retirees in 69 single-employer plans that were trusteed during FY 2020.

About PBGC’s FY 2020 Financial Report 

PBGC’s financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. For FY 2020, PBGC received an unmodified audit opinion on its financial statements, as well as an unmodified audit opinion on internal control over financial reporting. Ernst & Young LLP performed the audit under contract with PBGC’s Office of Inspector General, which oversaw the audit. Separately, PBGC publishes a Projections Report each year that illustrates the possible future financial condition of the agency’s two insurance programs.

About PBGC:

PBGC protects the retirement security of over 34 million American workers, retirees, and beneficiaries in both single-employer and multiemployer private sector pension plans. The agency’s two insurance programs are legally separate and operationally and financially independent. PBGC is directly responsible for the benefits of more than 1.5 million participants and beneficiaries in failed pension plans and receives no taxpayer dollars. The Single-Employer Program is financed by insurance premiums, investment income, and assets and recoveries from failed single-employer plans. The Multiemployer Program is financed by insurance premiums and investment income but is expected to become insolvent due to the failure of severely underfunded multiemployer pension plans. PBGC insures multiemployer plans that, according to PBGC’s latest Data Book, are $673 billion underfunded in aggregate. For more information, visit

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