Federal Register Documents
[Federal Register: October 11, 1996 (Volume 61, Number 199)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
SUMMARY: The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation has granted a request from the St. Louis Cardinals, L.P. for an exemption from the bond/ escrow requirement of section 4204(a)(1)(B) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, with respect to the Major League Baseball Players Benefit Plan. A notice of the request for exemption from the requirement was published on July 24, 1996 (61 FR 38480). The effect of this notice is to advise the public of the decision on the exemption request.
ADDRESSES: The non-confidential portions of the request for an exemption and the PBGC response to the request are available for public inspection at the PBGC Communications and Public Affairs Department, Suite 240, 1200 K Street, NW., Washington, DC 20005-4026, between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m., Monday through Friday.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ralph L. Landy, Office of the General Counsel, Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, 1200 K Street, NW., Washington, DC 20005-4026; telephone 202-326-4127 (202-326-4179 for TTY and TDD). These are not toll-free numbers.
Section 4204 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended by the Multiemployer Pension Plan Amendments Act of 1980 (``ERISA'' or ``the Act''), provides that a bona fide arm's-length sale of assets of a contributing employer to an unrelated party will not be considered a withdrawal if three conditions are met. [[Page 53464]]
These conditions, enumerated in section 4204(a)(1)(A)-(C), are that-- (A) The purchaser has an obligation to contribute to the plan with respect to the operations for substantially the same number of contribution base units for which the seller was obligated to contribute;
(B) The purchaser obtains a bond or places an amount in escrow, for a period of five plan years after the sale, in an amount equal to the greater of the seller's average required annual contribution to the plan for the three plan years preceding the year in which the sale occurred or the seller's required annual contribution for the plan year preceding the year in which the sale occurred (the amount of the bond or escrow is doubled if the plan is in reorganization in the year in which the sale occurred); and
(C) The contract of sale provides that if the purchaser withdraws from the plan within the first five plan years beginning after the sale and fails to pay any of its liability to the plan, the seller shall be secondarily liable for the liability it (the seller) would have had but for section 4204.
The bond or escrow described above would be paid to the plan if the purchaser withdraws from the plan or fails to make any required contributions to the plan within the first five plan years beginning after the sale.
Additionally, section 4204(b)(1) provides that if a sale of assets is covered by section 4204, the purchaser assumes by operation of law the contribution record of the seller for the plan year in which the sale occurred and the preceding four plan years.
Section 4204(c) of ERISA authorizes the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (``PBGC'') to grant individual or class variances or exemptions from the purchaser's bond/escrow requirement of section 4204(a)(1)(B) when warranted. The legislative history of section 4204 indicates a Congressional intent that the sales rules be administered in a manner that assures protection of the plan with the least practicable intrusion into normal business transactions. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources, 96th Cong., 2nd Sess., S. 1076, The Multiemployer Pension Plan Amendments Act of 1980: Summary and Analysis of Considerations 16 (Comm. Print, April 1980); 128 Cong. Rec. S10117 (July 29, 1980). The granting of an exemption or variance from the bond/escrow requirement does not constitute a finding by the PBGC that a particular transaction satisfies the other requirements of section 4204(a)(1).
Under the PBGC's regulation on variances for sales of assets (29 CFR Part 4204, available at 61 FR 34002, 34084 (July 1, 1996)), a request for a variance or waiver of the bond/escrow requirement under any of the tests established in the regulation (sections 4204.12- 4204.13) is to be made to the plan in question. The PBGC will consider waiver requests only when the request is not based on satisfaction of one of the three regulatory tests or when the parties assert that the financial information necessary to show satisfaction of one of the regulatory tests is privileged or confidential financial information within the meaning of 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(4) (the Freedom of Information Act).
Under section 4204.22 of the regulation, the PBGC shall approve a request for a variance or exemption if it determines that approval of the request is warranted, in that it--
(1) Would more effectively or equitably carry out the purposes of Title IV of the Act; and
(2) Would not significantly increase the risk of financial loss to the plan.
Section 4204(c) of ERISA and section 4204.22(b) of the regulation require the PBGC to publish a notice of the pendency of a request for a variance or exemption in the Federal Register, and to provide interested parties with an opportunity to comment on the proposed variance or exemption. The PBGC received no comments on the request for exemption.
On July 24, 1996 (61 FR 38480), the PBGC published a notice of the pendency of a request by the St. Louis Cardinals, L.P. (the ``Buyer'') for an exemption from the bond/escrow requirement of section 4204(a)(1)(B) with respect to its purchase of the St. Louis Cardinals Baseball Team from the St. Louis Baseball Club, Inc. (the ``Seller''). According to the request, the Major League Baseball Players Benefit Plan (the ``Plan'') was established and is maintained pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement between the professional major league baseball teams (the ``Clubs'') and the Major League Baseball Players Association (the ``Players Association'').
According to the Buyer's representations, the Seller was obligated to contribute to the Plan for certain employees of the sold operations. Effective March 21, 1996, the Buyer and Seller entered into an agreement under which the Buyer agreed to purchase substantially all of the assets and assume substantially all of the liabilities of the Seller relating to the business of employing employees under the Plan. The Buyer agreed to contribute to the Plan for substantially the same number of contribution base units as the Seller. The Seller agreed to be secondarily liable for any withdrawal liability it would have had with respect to the sold operations (if not for section 4204) should the Buyer withdraw from the Plan within the five plan years following the sale and fail to pay its withdrawal liability. The amount of the bond/escrow required under section 4204(a)(1)(B) of ERISA is approximately $873,000. The estimated amount of the unfunded vested benefits allocable to the Seller with respect to the operations subject to the sale is $7,340,095. The transaction had to be approved by Major League Baseball, which required that the debt-equity ratio of the Buyer be no more than 60 percent. The Buyer's financial statements showed that its net tangible assets exceed the unfunded vested benefits allocable to the Seller with respect to the purchased operations. The Buyer requested confidential treatment of its financial statements on the ground that they are confidential within the meaning of 5 U.S.C. 552.
Based on the facts of this case and the representations and statements made in connection with the request for an exemption, the PBGC has determined that an exemption from the bond/escrow requirement is warranted, in that it would more effectively carry out the purposes of title IV of ERISA and would not significantly increase the risk of financial loss to the Plan. Moreover, the PBGC has determined that the Buyer satisfies the net tangible assets test contained in section 4204.13(a)(2) of the regulation, and would be entitled to a variance of the bond/escrow requirement from the Plan under section 4204.11 of the regulation.
Therefore, the PBGC hereby grants the request for an exemption for the bond/escrow requirement. The granting of an exemption or variance from the bond/escrow requirement of section 4204(a)(1)(B) does not constitute a finding by the PBGC that the transaction satisfies the other requirements of section 4204(a)(1). The determination of whether the transaction satisfies such other requirements is a determination to be made by the Plan sponsor.
Issued at Washington, DC, on this 7th day of October, 1996.
[FR Doc. 96-26181 Filed 10-10-96; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 7708-01-P