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Workers & Retirees

FAQ: UAL Asset Audit Review and Changes to Participants' Benefits

Why PBGC Recalculated UAL Pension Benefits

  • Why are benefits increasing for some people in UAL pension plans?

    When United Airlines went bankrupt, we became responsible for four of their pension plans. When this happened, we could not just accept UAL’s benefit, but had to do separate calculations using the rules in federal pension law. More than a year ago, we found out that one of those calculations (relating to how much the plans’ investments and other assets were worth when we took responsibility) was done badly. Since then, we have gone back and revalued the UAL plan assets, and found that we had undervalued the UAL pension assets slightly (by about half of one percent to one percent, depending on the plan).

    This recalculation had no effect on most people’s benefits, but some people’s benefits will be raised slightly, generally by less than one percent.

  • Will many UAL retirees get increased benefits?

    Less than one in five (18 percent) will get any increase at all to their PBGC benefits. Even those who do will generally get an increase of less than one percent:

    82% of UAL Retiree Pension Benefits Did Not Change. For the 18% Whose benefits did change... 8,247 people were underpaid on average less than one percent. How much will their benefits increase going forward? 65% will get 0.05% more. 9% will get 0.05% - 0.75% more. 25% will get 0.75% - 1.00% more. 1% will get an increase of more than 1.00%.

  • Why will some people’s benefits increase but not others’?

    Because most people are already getting, or will get, the full amount of the pension they were promised by UAL. This change affects only those people whose pensions were more than the amount that PBGC guarantees.

    People with benefits greater than we guarantee can still get more than the guaranteed amount, but how much more depends on how underfunded the plan is when we take it over. In those cases, the values of a plan’s assets and obligations (“liabilities”) affect benefits, so if we value those incorrectly, we’re not providing the right benefit.

    In the case of the UAL plans, we slightly undervalued the plans’ assets at first. Now that we’ve re-done the work, some of the people whose UAL pensions were more than the PBGC maximums will get slightly greater benefits.

  • Why doesn’t PBGC pay everybody’s full pension?

    When Congress established PBGC, they set legal limits on the benefits we can normally pay. Some people’s pensions are above those limits.

    But when people’s benefits are more than we guarantee, we use the assets we inherit from the plan to make up some of the difference. This helps some people in some plans, but is rarely enough to cover everyone’s full pension.

  • How much will benefits increase in each pension plan?

    Most people were not affected by PBGC’s mistake and will see no change at all. For the less than one in five retirees who were affected:

    • Pilots will get an average increase of about three-quarters of one percent.
    • Participants in the management and administration plan will get an average increase of about two-thirds of one percent.
    • Flight attendants will get an average increase of three one-hundredths of a percent.
    • Participants in the ground employee plan will get an average increase of two one-hundredths of a percent.
  • How does PBGC know they got it right this time?

    We hired an internationally recognized certified public accounting firm experienced in pension plan assets to revalue each UAL asset. (The initial work had been done by a non-accounting firm). We then conducted our own reviews of the new asset valuations. After all that, we found only a small number of changes — changes whose effect was itself less than 1 percent for most of the people affected. From this we concluded that further delay and further work made no sense, that further work was unlikely materially to change the result — but it would delay a reckoning for months or years and further undermine the security of the people we serve.

  • What’s PBGC doing to make sure this doesn’t happen to others?

    The original contractor is no longer doing this work for us. We are going over the other plans that the contractor worked on to look for any other substandard work that might have led to underpayments. In those cases, we’re redoing the valuations and correcting benefits for those who were underpaid.

    To prevent these mistakes from happening in other plans in the future, we are:

    • Completely reforming our asset valuation process.
    • Changing the people within PBGC who are responsible. We’re hiring specialists in asset valuation, and making those specialists responsible for this work.
    • Using certified public accounting firms when we contract for this work, instead of general government contractors.
  • Was it really necessary for PBGC to take over the UAL pension plans during the UAL bankruptcy?

    At first, PBGC vigorously resisted taking responsibility for UAL’s plans. It’s always best for pension plan participants if the company itself keeps the promises it makes.

    But as UAL’s finances worsened — particularly as the price of fuel rose — it became clear that UAL could only survive bankruptcy if the pension plans were terminated. Given all the circumstances, we concluded that we had to take over the plans.

  • Now that UAL has merged with Continental and is doing better financially, can PBGC restore the terminated pension plans to UAL?

    No. Based on the agreement approved by the bankruptcy court, we cannot force UAL to take back the pension plans.

Most People’s Benefit Didn’t Change — How You’ll Know If Your Benefit Will Increase

  • How will I know if my benefit will increase?

    Most people were not affected by PBGC’s mistake. If your benefit will increase, we will send you a letter explaining how your benefit will change. Most retirees whose benefits increase by more than five dollars per month should get a letter in August; most of the others, generally with smaller increases, will be notified in the next several months. People with benefits subject to qualified domestic relations orders, and other special cases which require more complex calculations, will take longer.

  • I didn’t get a letter. Does that mean I’m one of the people who didn’t get an increase?

    Not necessarily. We have begun sending out letters, but will do so in stages. First we’re correcting the biggest underpayments to people who are already retired. We expect to notify everyone affected by the end of this fall, except for people with qualified domestic relations orders and other special cases that require more complex calculations. You can find out more about our progress on the home page for your specific pension plan.

  • When can I expect to get a letter if my benefit increased?

    On August 15, 2012, we began mailing letters to pilots whose benefits will increase. By this fall, we expect to have mailed letters to everybody with an increased benefit, except for people with benefits subject to qualified domestic relations orders and other special cases that require more complex calculations.

    Please check your plan’s web page on for current mailing status.

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